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There are different kinds of amphibians and reptiles that, nowadays, have become popular common pets. Toads, frogs, salamanders, turtles, snakes, iguanas and lizards coexist in our homes with total normality.
It is important to remember that although they have become pets as much as dogs, cats, fish, birds or hamsters, they are exotic species and as such they need specific care that is important to take into account.
Amphibians and reptiles are delicate pets and each species has specific needs that must be known in order to provide them with well-being.
These three general tips below are basic for the proper care of reptiles and amphibians. Check it out if you are considering them as pets!
It is provided an appropriate habitat
For this animal species, they must feel comfortable, with proper lighting, ventilation and heating.
Ensure a proper diet
Give your pet a rich nutrition to grow healthy and happy and make sure you always have fresh, clean water. The feeding varies a lot depending on the type of animal that it is. We recommend that you ask your veterinarian for advice.
Consult your veterinarian
Take your amphibian or reptile to a veterinarian specialized in this type of animal to give you the most effective advice for their care.
Good practices to care for amphibians and reptiles
When choosing an amphibian or a reptile as a pet it is very important to know the specific characteristics of each species and the care they need. To buy them you have to go to an authorized place that gives us all the confidence and security. Make sure it has been bred in captivity, that is, it has not been taken from its natural habitat; and, in the case of choosing an endangered or protected species (if it is in danger of extinction) it is mandatory that they give you the pertinent permits.
Basic care of reptiles
Prepare a terrarium appropriate to your species. For the chameleons, iguanas, boas and some pythons the terrarium should be higher than long and have a lot of vegetation, however, the place where the turtles live and the rest of the lizards should be longer and shorter. For semi-aquatic species, their habitat should be designed to be half water and the other half dry.
Take care that their body temperature is in optimal conditions (between 75 and 85 ºF). To do this, choose the most appropriate heat source for your terrarium: the blanket and the thermal cable are among the best options. Leave a cold area so they can choose the temperature their body needs at each moment.
Make sure they receive natural light in its full range, from infrared to ultraviolet. Place the ultraviolet light in your terrarium to benefit their calcium metabolism and to promote its development, and change it after 6 months.
Condition the terrarium with the humidity that the species needs, if it comes from a desert climate or, on the contrary, tropical. Make use of a sprayer or a bathtub to increase humidity, but without exceeding, because this can cause problems such as dermatitis.
Place hiding places inside the terrarium so that your stress diminishes when hiding.
Basic care of amphibians
Amphibians are animals that are very sensitive to dryness and temperatures, so transportation from the store to the home should be quick. On the other hand, the creation of your terrarium will be the most important thing for domestic amphibians to be happy.
Provide a suitable place for your amphibian to live that recreates its natural habitat. A terrarium with the conditions of humidity, light and heat characteristic for each species. There are some starter kits on the market so you can create a terrarium easily and quickly.
Condition the terrarium with different plants, water pumps or rain systems that maintain the necessary humidity, and other products to promote the well-being of your amphibian.
After preparing a good terrarium for your reptile or amphibian, do not forget to pay close attention to their diet, which varies according to the species that is. Amphibians tend to eat moving prey and the feeding of reptiles will depend on whether they are herbivores, carnivores or omnivores.