An aquarium with healthy fish starts with proper nutrition. There are many types of fish foods on the market, but which ones should you choose?
When we talk about pets of any kind, one of the most controversial issues is always what diet to provide them. We all have a different opinion on what kind of food to give our pets, and fish are no exception.
In most cases, the fish are not fussy about their food. Whatever is offered to them, they will accept it. However, not all fish foods have the same quality or serve the same types of fish. In this article, I will explain to you what kinds of fish foods are available in the market and the pros and cons of each.
The different types of fish food
Fish food can be purchased in an extremely wide variety of formats and varieties, divided into flake food, pellet feed, frozen food, and live food.
Fish food flakes
The most common fish food recommended for beginners is flake food. This is easy to find, it is cheap and feeds your fish well. In addition, most domesticated fish readily accept flake foods.
However, people who have several years of experience in the fish-care hobby often refuse to use flake foods, regardless of the quality of the ingredients. The first reason is that the flake foods decompose quickly once saturated, so they can cause water quality problems in the short term. Another reason to avoid food in flakes is that when the fish reach the surface to eat, they swallow air, which can cause problems in the swim bladder,among other things.
Fish food pellets
Pellet feed offers your fish a longer period of time so they can eat before the food breaks down in the aquarium. The pellets sink into the water and eliminate the problem of fish swallowing air. They also prevent dominant fish from eating more than others because it takes longer to eat.
Of course, you must ensure that if you feed your fish with food in the form of pellets, they have a size proportional to the fish you are feeding.
Frozen fish food
Most fish enthusiasts consider frozen foods as the most suitable for their fish. This is the feed closest to what they would have in their natural habitat and that you can provide them without having live worms and shrimp dancing around your fish tank.
You can find frozen foods for fish in many different varieties, including blood worms, black worms, brine shrimp and water fleas. Being frozen, they can be kept in the freezer for long periods of time without being damaged, and are more nutrient-rich than foods in flakes and pellets. Each type comes prepared for easy administration,you just have to remove them from the container and drop them into your aquarium.
Live fish food
The last type of fish food is live. Live meals are nutritionally the best, and obviously the closest to the natural diets of fish. Some of these types of live foods you can breed yourself, such as white worms and water fleas.
However, many people are apprehensive about their upbringing and others do not want to bother feeding their fish. In addition, there are some dangers with live foods, such as mosquito larvae. If these larvae are born, there is a risk of contracting diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, so be careful if you choose this route to feed your fish.
Quality of fish food
Now that we have explained the different types of fish foods, it is time to talk about what they are made of. There are innumerable types of fish food in the market, made of almost everything imaginable. What you should keep in mind in the ingredients is that there are not many fillings.
Basically, you should look for fish food the same way you would look for dog or cat food. Emphasize which is the first ingredient and that they are all specific ingredients, not something like “fish parts”.
The amount of food and the frequency of feeding
The frequency at which you must feed your fish depends on several factors. If the fish are young or young, they should eat more often. Once they are adults, most species can be fed only once a day.
However, in their natural habitat, certain species feed once every two or three days, while others feed throughout the day. Much of your job as a caregiver will consist of finding out what species your fish are and feeding them as they would if they lived in freedom.
Ideally, you should find a type of live or frozen food that your fish eat in their natural habitat. If one of these options is not available, opt for foods in flakes or pellets that contain the ingredients from which your fish would be fed. Do not look at the dosage tables that appear in fish food containers, since they are generic. You have to feed them as many times as they would in their natural state, even if they eat all day long.
On the other hand, you have to keep in mind that the species that eat throughout the day reproduce more quickly and make their excrement continuously, so these species tend to quickly soil your aquarium.
For the rest of the species, it is enough that you throw some food in your aquarium and observe if after 10 minutes there is something that has not been eaten. If there is nothing left, throw something else, but if there is still food floating, remove it.
Overfeeding can cause health problems for fish, and even obesity . Find out more about the species of your fish and they will live a long and happy life.