Hamsters are popular as pets because of their friendly behavior and cheerful appearance. These sweet pets are nocturnal, so they are ideal for those who have more free time during the night than during the day.
Unlike other species of rats and mice, hamsters do not enjoy the company of their peers, except to reproduce. However, with humans they are friendly. In addition, they are very easy to care for and do not even smell too much. If your hamster’s cage smells bad, it’s probably because you went over the time needed to clean it.
In order to take care of your hamster as it deserves, you will need to pay attention to a number of points. Among them are to provide an adequate habitat in which they can live at ease, allow them the exercise they need, keep them clean and feed them properly.
How to create the right habitat for your hamster
When we go to buy a cage for a hamster, keep in mind that the more plastic tubes you have, the better. However, many species of hamsters are too large to move well through these types of tubes and, in addition, are somewhat difficult to clean.
It is important that you research well and buy a suitable cage for the species of your hamster. Always prioritize the comfort of your pet to how pretty or practical the cage is.
The most comfortable cages for hamsters are made of metal wires with a plastic bottom. The separation between the wires provides great ventilation, while the plastic bottom if extended to the vertical half of the cage, provides insulation against currents and sense of security to your pet. It is very important that the bottom does not have wires since this in the long term causes damage to the legs of rodents.
What accessories for hamster cages you will need
The cage of your hamster must have a number of accessories that benefit the health of your pet. For example, a plastic wheel will allow your hamster to exercise, keeping it healthy and active. It is important that the wheel is the right size. If you see that running through it, the back of your hamster is curved, it means that the wheel is too small for him.
You will also need a drinker so it can drink water and at least one feeder where you can feed it. Never put food directly on the ground, as it can mix with the excrement, and always put in the corner opposite to where your hamster usually does their needs.
You must also provide your hamster with a small house where it can take refuge, have privacy and rest peacefully. This will be very useful for it to take refuge when hibernating. In addition, you can fill the cage with cotton or hay for rodents to make their own nest in it.
Finally, you will need bedding that absorbs the excrement from your hamster and keeps the cage clean longer. Strips of vegetal paper, pellets of wood or wood shavings are ideal. Each type has different durability, chips and paper usually last a short time but are more economical than wood pellets.
Hamsters also need to exercise to stay healthy
Like other creatures in the animal world, hamsters also need to exercise to stay strong, healthy and happy. Inside a cage, the only way a hamster has to exercise is by using a plastic wheel. For this, as we explained above, you will need to put one in your pet’s cage.
The only thing you need to know when buying the wheel for your hamster is that it is big enough for him and that it is made entirely of plastic. Some models of cages for hamsters incorporate a type of wheels made of wire. These wheels, eventually, end up hurting the legs of the hamsters, so you should never let them use this type of wheel.
How to provide a good feed to your hamster
The healthiest feed for hamsters consists of feed that are mixtures of seeds and fresh vegetables and an abundant amount of hay. Of course, you should keep in mind that fresh vegetables spoil quickly. It is best to provide at the beginning of the day only a couple of large tablespoons of feed and see if your pet is hungry or not. Also, you have to keep in mind that many hamsters tend to hide their food, so you may have to remove food from the cage that no longer serves to keep it from getting sick.
Hay provides fibers to the diet of your pet and serves to obtain shelter and heat as edible nests are made with it. In addition, you can find them with extract of carrot, dandelion or chamomile to provide extra vitamins to the diet of your hamster.
How to take care of your hamster’s teeth
The hamster’s teeth never stop growing throughout his life. This generates a series of health problems, because if your hamster’s teeth grow too much, it may stop eating.
To prevent them from growing too much, you can provide them with stones to gnaw. These stones, when bitten by rodents, wear out and sharpen their teeth. This prevents further growth or malformation of the teeth.
In addition, some stones to gnaw contain additives that provide extra vitamins or minerals to hamsters. For example, you can find stones to gnaw with algae rich in spirulina, with carrots rich in vitamin C or with calcium.
Hamsters also need proper hygiene
Generally, hamsters are very clean pets and do not dirty much. The only thing you should keep in mind is that if your pet has long hair, it is highly recommended that you brush it often with a soft brush.
Most of the hygienic care of hamsters is focused on the usual cleaning and disinfection of their cage.
A safe environment in the home for your hamster
Hamsters, in their natural habitat, are at the end of the food chain. This means that almost any other animal is a potential predator for him and his instinct tells him so. It is very important that you keep other types of pets away from your hamster’s cage, such as dogs, cats, and reptiles.
Finally, hamsters are nocturnal animals, so most of their activity will be performed at night. Take advantage of those moments to play with him and let him rest during the day all he wants.